What a wonderful English word! So short. So many meanings! And many of them so difficult to translate into other languages! Let's see some of them:
The primary meaning as a verb: to rotate around an axis. Like the earth. ES: girar sobre su eje. DE: sich um die eigene Achse drehen. Both languages need an additional explanation, just saying to turn or to rotate is not enough to dispel ambiguity - it is not clear that we refer to the rotation of the earth around its own axis (one day) or to the rotation of the earth around the sun (one year). German even requires a reflexive grammatical construction: to turn oneself around one's own axis. German is a meticulous language, one must admit. But English is elegant. Sometimes, at least.
The meaning as a substantive: The ball has a spin and acquires an effect. ES: La pelota tiene efecto. DE: Der Ball hat einen Drall und bekommt Effekt. In this case we can translate spin into German, but the word disappears completely in Spanish and only the effect remains. Other solutions are simply too clumsy. At least both the Germans and the Spaniards still score goals though, that's something.
The phisical meaning: The spin of the electron. Here it becomes evident that English has found the right word and that the other languages must follow. And follow they do, taking the English word as a loanword. ES and DE call the spin of a subatomic particle just that: spin. And rightly so. And thus nobody is forced to admit that they don't know what the spin of an electron actually is. Once again a most elegant solution!
The derived meaning: to spin a story, -> spin-doctor. It's easy to spin stories in other languages as well, every culture does: ES: hilvanar una historia, DE: Eine Geschichte spinnen. Well, more or less. But when the subject becomes political we must admit that the English language rules supreme on the Ocean of Euphemisms of Political Correctness. Who else could call a liar a liar in the face with such nonchalance?
What we can translate: When spin refers to textiles or cobwebs: tejer or spinnen. When spin refers to laundry: centrifugar or schleudern.